- The Medici originated in the valley of the Mugello and moved to nearby Florence in the 13th century. In 1397, Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici established a bank. Soon he opened branches all over Italy and Europe and became involved in papal finances, enterprises that resulted in his amassing a large fortune. With wealth came power and, in 1402, Giovanni was elected to serve as one of the priors of Florence's legislative body, the Signoria. His son Cosimo is the one who sealed the family's political hegemony when in 1434 he was able to effect the removal of the Albizzi from power and to take over their position as the city's leading political figure. Medici rule was to last until the 18th century, when the family died out, save for exile in 1494 and again in 1527. In 1530, the Medici took absolute control of Tuscany as dukes and, in 1569 as grand dukes, titles they obtained through the efforts of two Medici popes: Leo X and Clement VII. Marriage alliances linked them to the royal houses of France and Spain, further strengthening their position of power.It is not unreasonable to say that the Medici were one of the central forces that enabled the Renaissance to take place as they contributed greatly to the cultural and intellectual fabric of Florence, the birthplace of the movement. Without their patronage the philosophers Marsilio Ficino and Pico della Mirandola, the artists Donatello, Filippo Brunelleschi, Sandro Botticelli, and Michelangelo, the poet Angelo Poliziano, and the astronomer Galileo Galilei might not have had the opportunity to achieve the endeavors for which they are so well known.See also Medici, Lorenzo "The Magnificent" de'; Medici, Marie de'.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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Medici family — Italian bourgeois family that ruled Florence and later Tuscany from с 1430 to 1737. The family, noted for its often tyrannical rulers and its beneficent patrons of the arts, also provided the church with four popes (Leo X, Clement VII, Pius IV,… … Universalium
Medici Family — Florentine mercantile and banking family that played a significant part in local politics and from 1434 dominated the political system of Florence through a combination of careful po litical alliances and outright corruption of the electoral… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Medici family — /məˈditʃi/ (say muh deechee) noun an Italian family of the city of Florence, rich and powerful in the 15th, 16th centuries. 1. Cosmo or Cosimo de ( Cosimo the Elder ), 1389–1464, Italian banker, statesman, and patron of art and literature. 2.… … Australian English dictionary
Medici family tree — & … Wikipedia
List of popes from the Medici family — The Medici were a powerful and influential Florentine family from the 13th to 17th century. The family produced four popes: Pope Leo X, born Giovanni de Medici (December 11, 1475 – December 1, 1521) was pope from 1513 to his death. Pope Clement… … Wikipedia
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Medici — Infobox Family colour = LightCoral name =Medici crest = caption = Money to get power, and power to guard the money ethnicity = region = early forms = origin = members =Lorenzo de Medici Catherine Leo X Clement VII Leo XI Marie Cosimo de Medici… … Wikipedia
Medici Bank — For the private bank in Austria that failed due to its investment in Bernard Madoff s Ponzi scheme, see Bank Medici. Medici Bank Industry Banking Key people Giovanni di Bicci, Cosimo de Medici, Piero di Cosimo, Lorenzo de Medici, Francesco… … Wikipedia
Medici bank — Infobox Defunct Company company name = Medici bank company fate = Shut down by authorities successor = foundation = c. 1397 defunct = 1494 location = Various; home branch in Florence, Italy industry = Banking key people = Giovanni di Bicci,… … Wikipedia